DETERMINANTS OF YOUTH MIGRATION ASPIRATIONS DECISION IN ETHIOPIA
Keywords:Youth migration aspirations, demographic factors, socioeconomic factors, household characteristics, Ethiopia
This study examines the factors influencing the migration aspirations of young people in Ethiopia. Using data from the Migrating Out of Poverty Research program Consortium household survey, the study analyzes a sample of 1938 youth aged 16 to 34 from four regions in Ethiopia. A logit regression model was used to predict youth migration aspirations. The findings indicate that respondents' marital status, education level and school attendance, previous migration experience, network with migrant members and relatives, and employment status significantly shape youth migration aspirations. Moreover, youth living with male and aged household heads, from better-off families are less likely to express aspirations for migration. The results further noted that remittance increases youth's probability of aspiring to migrate. Finally, this study emphasized the stark differences between male and female youth in migration decision-making, showing that females are much more likely to be influenced by household factors than their male counterparts. Based on the present results, the study concludes that youth education, employment status, previous migration experience, household welfare, and poverty conditions are crucial for determining youth migration aspirations in Ethiopia. Therefore, policies and programs that enhance youth access to education and skill development training, thereby increasing their employment opportunities, can significantly impact youth migration aspirations. Moreover, government offices concerned with youth migration should consider integrating youth in policy development.